Summary: It is rare to find an educator who doesn’t know who Benjamin Bloom is and his taxonomy which is essential for building curriculum and assessment, evaluation and teaching strategy. But unfortunately few know Robert Marzano who created transformative framework for building our educational outcomes. Description: Bloom's taxonomy refers to a classification of the different objectives that educators set for students (learning objectives). It divides educational objectives into three "domains": cognitive, affective, and psychomotor (sometimes loosely described as "knowing/head", "feeling/heart" and "doing/hands" respectively)( Wikipedia).

Robert Marzano, who is a highly respected educational researcher, speaker and trainer that has proposed what he calls A New Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (2000) , which is developed to respond to the shortcomings of the widely used Bloom’s Taxonomy and the current environment of syllabus guidelines-based instruction, Marzano’s model of thinking skills incorporates a wider range of factors that affect how students think and provides a more research-based theory to help teachers improve their students’ thinking.

Marzano really did a great work through his new taxonomy; he invented a holistic approach to learning experience which coincides with the newly adopted paradigm shift. Marzano’s New Taxonomy is made up of three systems and the Knowledge Domain, all of which are important for thinking and learning. The three systems are: The Self-System, The Metacognitive System and The Cognitive System. When faced with the option of starting a new task, the Self-System decides whether to continue the current behavior or engage in the new activity; the Metacognitive System sets goals and keeps track of how well they are being achieved; the Cognitive System processes all the necessary information, and the Knowledge Domain provides the content.

So it is great opportunity for every educator to put aside the old map which is surely will not be good guider in this new era of explosive Knowledge. Using Bloom taxonomy in these days like using Paris map while touring in Rome. I hope we can reflect on this new taxonomy, which can facilitate student lifelong learning. Marzano taxonomy through his metacognitive system gives the student the ability to capture the threshold concepts which can transform their being through providing them with skills of reflection and learning how to learn
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