Korean Journal of Medical Education
Yu J, Chae S.
This study aimed to examine the medicating effect of resilience on the relationship between academic burnout and psychological well-being of medical students.
The participants were a group of 97 medical students. Scales measuring Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, Ryff's Psychological Well-Being, and Korean Resilience Quotient-53 were utilized. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test, and multiple regression analyses using IBM SPSS ver. 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, USA).
According to the study results, the medical students' psychological well-being was negatively correlated with their academic burnout and positively correlated with their resilience; the degree of academic burnout experienced by the first and second year preclinical students was greater than that experienced by the third and fourth year clinical students; the male students' average score for cynicism was higher than that of the female students; and the significant effects of academic burnout on the medical students' psychological well-being were mediated by resilience.
It was confirmed that medical students' academic burnout and resilience are significant factors that explain their psychological well-being; resilience is also an important variable in improving psychological well-being. This suggests that education and counseling support are needed to increase medical students' resilience in order to increase their psychological well-being.