Journal: BMC Medical Education Author: Chen Y1, Zheng K1, Ye S1, Wang J, Xu L, Li Z, Meng Q, Yang J, Feng ST. Publication Date: Oct 2019 Volume Number: 19 Issue: 1 Page Numbers: 383
Description: Abstract
Medical education in China is in a transitional period, from passive learning models to experiential education. We modified an experiential education method for radiology education. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of this method on undergraduate radiology education.

With the help of the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and RadiAnt DICOM Viewer, we modified an experiential education method that simulates similar working conditions for undergraduate medical students to formulate radiology diagnosis similar to clinical radiologists. A total of 101 students were allocated into either the experiential education group or the control group. The final examination scores and a 5-point Likert scale self-assessment questionnaire of radiologic skills were collected from all the students as an objective assessment and a subjective assessment respectively. A questionnaire was also used to assess the satisfaction with the experiential model in the experiential education group. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the ranked data, and t-tests were used to compare the numeric data.

The experiential education group demonstrated significantly higher scores (7.4 ± 1.3) compared to the control group (6.7 ± 1.5, p < 0.05) in the question type "description and diagnosis". The self-assessment questionnaire indicated that the experiential education was related to increased familiarity with the diagnosis thinking principle and the sequences and reconstruction methods of computer tomography (CT) imaging, which also strengthen participants' self-confidence to perform future clinical work (p < 0.05). The self-assessment questionnaire in the experiential education group showed that the majority of students were satisfied with the organization (82.5%), interactivity (85%) and quality (85%) of the learning activity. Most students found this model of learning to be helpful for studying radiology (85%) and for understanding anatomy (90%).

Compared with the traditional radiology education approach, the experiential education method showed greater efficacy in improving students' analysis and diagnostic skills and their self-confidence.
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