Author: Tonami K and Mataki S Publication Year: 2013
Summary: Ones’ clothing includes self-concept of wearer. This study investigated dental students’ perceptions of clinical attire and compared findings with those of patients and dentists to discuss development of students' professional self.
Description: This study investigated dental students’ perceptions of clinical attire and compared findings with those of patients and dentists. The subjects comprised 146 patients, 81 students, and 97 dentists at the Dental Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University. Using a five-point Likert scale, the subjects were asked to score their preference for 35 items that might be worn by a dentist in the clinic. These scores were analysed using factor analysis and seven factors were extracted. The item scores were averaged for each factor and the results used as factor scores. Factor scores for patients, students, and dentists were compared using MANOVA and univariate ANOVA. This comparison demonstrated that factors associated with traditional items showed similar preferences among patients, dental students and dentists, whereas those linked to casual items yielded significantly different preference scores (P<0.05). Students’ scores for casual items (excluding items specifically worn by women) were between those of patients and dentists, suggesting a positive effect of pre-clinical education as hidden curriculum. Students’ perceptions of casual items specifically worn by women were similar to those of patients, suggesting the need for clinical experience to resolve conflicts in the student’s mind between professional norms and pre-existing gender role criteria.
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