Author: Rhind, S. M., Patterson, J., Smith, S., Phillips, C., and Gardiner, A. Publication Year: 2013
Summary: This paper investigates student engagement in the standard setting process and whether the standard set for questions differ between staff and students. It also explores the student’s opinions on the standard setting process.
Description: Standard setting is the process whereby decisions are made about boundaries or ‘cut-points’ between groups of students. Most commonly this decision focuses on those who pass and those who fail but the process can also be applied to other boundaries e.g. determining those who gain distinction or other forms of credit. The method used to make this decision can be classed as either relative or absolute. Relative standards relate the performance of the candidates to each other. In contrast, absolute standards relate to defined minimum criteria that are determined by a group of expert judges.

This paper explores the comparison of standard sets for a series of multiple choice questions between staff and students and to explore the experiences and opinions of the students on the standard setting. Two separate groups of students participated in a standard setting workshop using the Angoff method and set standards on 20 questions that they had authored as part of earlier course-work. A panel of staff also set standards on the same questions. At the end of the exercise, students were asked their views on the standard setting process via questionnaire containing open and closed items.

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