Author: Yusoff M Publication Year: 2012
Summary: The DREEM inventory has been translated into various languages and claimed as a ‘cultural-free tool’ to measure the educational climate at educational institutions. To the author’s knowledge, no article has reported its validity and reliability among Malaysian medical students.
Description: It is widely agreed among medical educators that an optimal educational climate is an important factor for effective learning to occur (Dent & Harden, 2009; Newble, Cannon, & Kapelis, 2001). Indeed, evaluation of the educational climate has been highlighted as key to the delivery of high quality medical education (Dent & Harden, 2009; Newble, et al., 2001). Therefore, to conduct such evaluation, a valid and reliable tool is vital.


Over the past 15 years, medical and allied health educators across places and educational settings have widely used the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) to appraise their institutions’ educational climate (Al-hazimi, Al-hyiani, & Roff, 2004; Al-Hazimi, Zaini, et al., 2004; Arzuman, Yusoff, & Chit, 2010; Roff, et al., 1997; Said, Rogayah, & Arzuman, 2009; Thomas, Abraham, Alexander, & Ramnarayan, 2009; Varma, Tiyagi, & Gupta, 2005). This valuable tool was originally designed in English (Roff, et al., 1997) and has been translated into various languages such as Swedish, Greek and Spanish (Dimoliatis, Vasilaki, Anastassopoulos, Ioannidis, & Roff, 2010; Jakobsson, Danielsen, & Edgren, 2011; Riquelme, et al., 2009). These papers have shown that DREEM is internationally accepted as a useful tool to provide feedback on strengths and weaknesses of the educational climate at particular educational institutions. One of important implications of DREEM is that it provides a standardized way for international comparisons between medical schools as well as allowing them to benchmark their educational climate (Hammond, O'Rourke, Kelly, Bennett, & O'Flynn, 2012). In addition, it may locate areas of concern shared by the majority of students that might be unintentionally neglected by educators.

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