Author: Susani YP, Rahayu GR, Sanusi R, Prabandari YS and Harsono Publication Year: 2015
Summary: Participation is a learning process essential for developing professional identity. This qualitative study explores the forms of participation conducted by medical students with a focus on getting to know, interacting, practising, reflecting, and convincing.
Description: Background: Participation is a learning process essential for developing professional identity. However, how a medical student participates during his/her learning in medical school has not much been explored.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the forms of participation conducted by medical students.

Methods: This was a qualitative research by conducting semi-structured in-depth interviews to 17 preclinical and clinical medical students. The questions in the interview guide were based on three forms of participation: engagement, imagination and alignment. Determinant and emergent coding was performed to analyze the results of the interview.

Results: Getting to know, interacting, practising, reflecting, and convincing were 5 forms of participation. Practice especially clinically patient contact was the main form which could develop the professional identity of medical students. Participation reinforces motivation, confidence, and identity.

Conclusion: Participation as a medical student’s learning was not only in forms of practice their knowledge to the patient, but also in forms of all activities that contribute to the community and gave meaning to themselves as part of a medical profession community. Faculty need to provide a learning environment that can give broaden opportunities for students to participate in order to develop professional identity.

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